Naval blockade of Gaza to continue after Israel-Turkey reconciliation

Turkish officials say deal will see blockade eased but not ended, with 10,000 tonnes of aid expected to enter by boat on Friday

The Gaza Strip has been subject to an Israeli-imposed blockade since 2007

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his Turkish counterpart Binali Yildirim on Monday set out the terms of a reconciliation deal that will see the siege of the Gaza Strip eased, but not ended.

The long-awaited deal – which ends months of negotiations – will mean that Israel maintains its naval blockade of the Gaza Strip, in place since 2007.

Palestinian officials had said prior to the deal that Turkey was attempting to persuade Israel to lift its siege of the coastal enclave in return for normalising relations, which were officially cut off in 2010 when Israeli commandos stormed the Mavi Marmara aid flotilla to Gaza, killing ten Turkish civilians.

However, Netanyahu told a press conference in Rome on Monday that the deal will not include a lifting of the naval blockade, but will allow Turkish aid to enter the strip through the Israeli port of Ashdod.

Speaking during a separate, but simultaneous press conference in Ankara on Monday, the Turkish prime minister said that 10,000 tonnes of Turkish aid will enter Gaza through the port on Friday, a move that he said would be tantamount to an end to the blockade.

“It took years to reach this agreement,” Yildirim said, calling on the governments of Turkey and Israel to fully implement the agreements included in the deal.

There were mixed reactions across Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories after the announcement.

Israeli opposition leader Isaac Herzog accused Netanyahu of “grovelling” to Turkey by agreeing to pay compensation.

Hanan Ashrawi, an executive committee member of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), told Middle East Eye, “It’s a pact of self-interest, both by Turkey and Israel.”

Senior Hamas official and one-time political adviser to former Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh, Ahmed Yousef told MEE that the agreement was “a good deal” that allows Turkey to help both the Palestinians and itself.

He conceded that, “Yes, there are some (of our) people who don’t like Turkey – the great Muslim country – to normalise relations with the Israelis before ending their occupation to the West Bank and Gaza.”

But, with a mixture of realism and resignation, said: “This is what they can do right now.”

Pledge to publicise deal

The deal will see Israel and Turkey return ambassadors to their counterparts as soon as possible.

Turkey also gained the right to implement a number of humanitarian projects in the impoverished strip, including the building of a 200-bed hospital.

Building projects in the Strip have floundered under the blockade, which forbids the import of key materials like concrete.

Netanyahu said the deal was of great “strategic significance,” pledging that it will strengthen the interests of both Turkey and Israel.

He hinted earlier in the day that the deal could have an “immense” impact on the Israeli economy, saying that the possibility of inking a gas deal with Turkey could bring “huge sums” to the economy.

Yildirim, however, was more cautious about the prospect of an imminent gas deal between the two countries, saying it was too early to speculate.

Israel has also committed to depositing $20mn in a fund to compensate victims of the Mavi Marmara raid.

Many exact terms of the deal, however, remain obscure, with an adviser to Netanyahu pledging to publicise the text of the deal “in the coming days”.

In a sign of potential disagreements over the details of the agreement, Turkey on Monday rejected any suggestion that it could affect Hamas’s activities inside Turkey.

Netanyahu had told reporters that the deal would mean restrictions on the Turkey-based activities of the Palestinian movement, which controls the Gaza Strip.

However, Yildirim rejected the statement, saying the reconciliation deal has “nothing to do” with Hamas’s members and activities inside Turkey.

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan is expected to comment on the deal later on Monday evening, following a meal to break the Ramadan fast.

The reconciliation deal was also welcomed by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, who called it a “hopeful signal for the stability of the region” during a meeting with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin.

‘Problematic’ deal

The deal was slammed by the family of an Israeli soldier killed in Gaza, whose body is still in the possession of Hamas.

“The Prime Minister’s declarations were hollow,” the family of Hadar Goldin – who died during the 2014 bombardment of the Gaza Strip – told Israeli media on Monday.

They slammed the “problematic” deal, which they said they had hoped would include the return of their relative’s body.

Senior Hamas official Yousef, however, told MEE that Turkey had promised “to Hamas and the Palestinians that they are going to help them by building a water distillation plant and also a new electricity plant and they are going to be building a hospital and many other things”.

The unemployment rate among Gaza residents, he said, is 60 percent, explaining the sense of weariness in the besieged enclave after almost a decade of occupation.

“[Turkey] might in the near future start building an industrial zone to help the Palestinians building their economy. So I do believe that this is a good step in the right direction.”

Others were less forgiving.

The PLO’s executive committee member Ashrawi said that for Turkey and Israel, there was “a mutual interest in not voting against each other in public forums” as well as increased scope for energy cooperation following the breakdown in ties with Russia.

“In many ways, they undermine the reunification of Palestine because they treated Gaza as though it was under Israeli sovereignty, as though it was separate from the rest of Palestine and they totally ignored the PLO,” she said.

By undermining the PLO and dealing directly with Israel, Ashrwai said, “that gives Israel more control and say over Gaza”.

“They didn’t get the siege lifted, which is the real issue,” she said. “I think Israel got a lot out of this frankly speaking.”

(Source / 28.06.2016)

Tags: #ICC4Israel

Video of the Week New Clashes Erupt Between Israeli Security Forces, Muslim Worshippers

Temple Mount temporarily closed to Jewish visitors after clashes with police

The Temple Mount was temporarily closed to Jewish visitors on Wednesday at the order of Jerusalem District Commander Yoram Halevy after Jews broke visitation rules at the holy site, police said. The Jewish visitors were expelled from the compound for bringing sacred books to the Mount and trying to pray there. After one of the individuals was cautioned, another took out a holy book, and the group was expelled. Meanwhile, renewed clashes erupted between protesters and Israeli security forces near the Lion's Gate in the Old City, where police used stun grenades against the demonstrators. A regular dynamic has developed involving clashes between Palestinians and Israel Police over the past several days near the Lion's Gate. Dozens of Palestinians are present at the site on a regular basis, urging devotion to the Al-Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount and condemning Israel. During Muslim prayer times, particularly the midday and nighttime prayers, hundreds and sometimes even thousands have been gathering there.

There have been outbreaks of violence during these periods, including stone-throwing or physical confrontations with the police. In most of these incidents, the police have been using stun grenades and sponge-tipped bullets to disperse the crowds. In a number of cases, journalists in the area have also suffered violence at the hands of the police. On Tuesday, Hassan Shaalan, a reporter for the Ynet news website, was struck by a policeman even after he identified himself as a member of the press. A group of Jerusalem-based journalists released a statement of condemnation over the incident and called on the police to permit reporters to do their jobs. The Jerusalem Police responded: "This involved an incident that took place in the course of violent disturbances of the peace that occurred in Jerusalem while the police were acting to remove the demonstrators from the street after some of them refused to vacate. The forces working on the scene are under constant threat to their lives.

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